VolImpact publications

Note: Only publications funded (in part) through VolImpact are listed


Günther, M., H. Schmidt, C. Timmreck and M. Toohey, Climate feedback to stratospheric aerosol forcing explained by pattern effect, submitted to  Journal of Climate, 2022

Horváth, Á., Carr, J. L., Wu, D. L., Bruckert, J., Hoshyaripour, G. A., and Buehler, S. A.: Measurement report: Plume heights of the April 2021 La Soufrière eruptions from GOES-17 side views and GOES-16–MODIS stereo views, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. [preprint], doi.org/10.5194/acp-2022-253, in review, 2022.

von Savigny, C., Lange, A., Hemkendreis, A., Hoffmann, C., and Rozanov, A.: Is it possible to estimate aerosol optical depth from historic colour paintings?, Clim. Past Discuss. [preprint], doi.org/10.5194/cp-2022-38, in review, 2022.

van Dijk, E., I. Mørkestøl Gundersen, A.de Bode, H. Høeg, K. Loftsgarden, F. Iversen, C. Timmreck, J. Jungclaus and K. Krüger, Climate and society impacts in Scandinavia following the 536/540 CE volcanic double event, submitted to Clim. Past, 2022.

Muth, L. J., G. A. Hoshyaripour, L. O. Muser, H. Vogel, C. von Savigny, and B. Vogel, Impacts of Aerosol Dynamics and Interactions on the Initial Stage of the Pinatubo Volcanic Eruption Plume in 1991, submitted to J. Geophys. Res., 2022.

Zanchettin, D.,  Fang, S.-W., Khodri, M., Omarani, N.-E., Rubinetti, S.,  Rubino, A.,  Timmreck, C. and Jungclaus, J.-H.: Thermohaline patterns of intrinsic Atlantic Multidecadal Variability, submitted to Climate Dynamics, 2022.


Published & accepted


45. Wallis, S., Hoffmann, C. G., and von Savigny, C.: Estimating the impact of the 1991 Pinatubo eruption on mesospheric temperature by analyzing HALOE (UARS) temperature data, Ann. Geophys., 40, 421–431, doi.org/10.5194/angeo-40-421-2022, 2022.

44. Lange, A., Baumgarten, G., Rozanov, A., and von Savigny, C.: On the colour of noctilucent clouds, Ann. Geophys., 40, 407–419, doi.org/10.5194/angeo-40-407-2022, 2022.

43. van Dijk, E., Jungclaus, J., Lorenz, S., Timmreck, C., and Krüger, K.: Was there a volcanic induced long lasting cooling over the Northern Hemisphere in the mid 6th–7th century?, Clim. Past Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2021-49, accepted for publication in CP 2022.

42. Bruckert, J., Hoshyaripour, G. A., Horváth, Á., Muser, L. O., Prata, F. J., Hoose, C., and Vogel, B.: Online treatment of eruption dynamics improves the volcanic ash and SO2 dispersion forecast: case of the 2019 Raikoke eruption, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 3535–3552, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-3535-2022, 2022.

41. Carr, J. L., Horváth, Á., Wu, D. L., & Friberg, M. D., Stereo plume height and motion retrievals for the record-setting Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai eruption of 15 January 2022. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL098131. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022GL098131, 2022.

40. D'Agostino, R. and C. Timmreck, The sensitivity of regional monsoons to idealised equatorial volcanic eruption of different sulfur emission strengths, Environ. Res. Lett., accepted, 17:054001, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac62af, 2022.

39. Jones, A., Haywood, J. M., Scaife, A. A., Boucher, O., Henry, M., Kravitz, B., Lurton, T., Nabat, P., Niemeier, U., Séférian, R., Tilmes, S., and Visioni, D.: The impact of stratospheric aerosol intervention on the North Atlantic and Quasi-Biennial Oscillations in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) G6sulfur experiment, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 2999–3016, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-2999-2022, 2022.

38. Marshall, L. R., Maters, E., Schmidt, A., Timmreck, C., Robock, A., and Toohey, M.: Volcanic effects on climate: looking backward and forward, Bull. Volcanol. 84, 54, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-022-01559-3, 2002.

37. Tilmes, S., Visioni, D., Jones, A., Haywood, J., Séférian, R., Nabat, P., Boucher, O., Bednarz, E. M., and Niemeier, U.: Stratospheric Ozone Response to Sulfate Aerosol and Solar Dimming Climate Interventions based on the G6 Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) Simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2021-1003, accepted, 2022.

36. Weisenstein, D. K., Visioni, D., Franke, H., Niemeier, U., Vattioni, S., Chiodo, G., Peter, T., and Keith, D. W.: An interactive stratospheric aerosol model intercomparison of solar geoengineering by stratospheric injection of SO2 or accumulation-mode sulfuric acid aerosols, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 2955–2973, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-2955-2022, 2022.

35. Zanchettin, D., Timmreck, C., Khodri, M., Schmidt, A., Toohey, M., Abe, M., Bekki, S., Cole, J., Fang, S.-W., Feng, W., Hegerl, G., Johnson, B., Lebas, N., LeGrande, A. N., Mann, G. W., Marshall, L., Rieger, L., Robock, A., Rubinetti, S., Tsigaridis, K., and Weierbach, H.: Effects of forcing differences and initial conditions on inter-model agreement in the VolMIP volc-pinatubo-full experiment, Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 2265–2292, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-15-2265-2022, 2022.



34. Abbott, P., Niemeier, U., Timmreck, C., Riede, F., McConnell, J., Severi, M., Fischer, H., Svensson, A., Toohey, M. Reinig, F., Sigl, M.: Volcanic climate forcing preceding the inception of the Younger Dryas: implications for tracing the Laacher See eruption, Quaternary Science Reviews, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107260,  2021.

33. Azoulay, A., Schmidt, H., and Timmreck, C.: The Arctic polar vortex response to volcanic forcing of different strengths, J. Geophys. Res., 126, e2020JD034450, doi.org/10.1029/2020JD034450, 2021.

32. Brenna, H., S. Kutterolf, M. J. Mills, U. Niemeier, C. Timmreck, K. Krüger, Decadal disruption of the QBO by tropical volcanic super eruptions,  Geophys. Res. Lett.  e2020GL089687, doi.org/10.1029/2020GL089687, 2021.

31. Clyne, M., Lamarque, J.-F., Mills, M. J., Khodri, M., Ball, W., Bekki, S., Dhomse, S. S., Lebas, N., Mann, G., Marshall, L., Niemeier, U., Poulain, V., Robock, A., Rozanov, E., Schmidt, A., Stenke, A., Sukhodolov, T., Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Tummon, F., Zanchettin, D., Zhu, Y., and Toon, O. B.: Model physics and chemistry causing intermodel disagreement within the VolMIP-Tambora Interactive Stratospheric Aerosol ensemble, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 3317 – 3343, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-3317-2021, 2021.

30. Fang, S.-W., Khodri, M., Timmreck, C., Zanchettin, D., & Jungclaus, J., Disentangling internal and external contributions to Atlantic multidecadal variability over the past millennium, Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2021GL095990. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GL095990, 2021.

29. Franke, H., Niemeier, U., and Visioni, D.: Differences in the quasi-biennial oscillation response to stratospheric aerosol modification depending on injection strategy and species, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 8615 – 8635, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-8615-2021, 2021.

28. Günther, T.,  Horváth, Á.,  Bresky, W.,  Daniels, J., &  Buehler, S. A.,  Lagrangian Coherent Structures and vortex formation in high spatiotemporal-resolution satellite winds of an atmospheric Kármán vortex street., J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 126, e2021JD035000. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD035000, 2021.

27. Hegglin, M. I., Tegtmeier, S., Anderson, J., Bourassa, A. E., Brohede, S., Degenstein, D., Froidevaux, L., Funke, B., Gille, J., Kasai, Y., Kyrölä, E. T., Lumpe, J., Murtagh, D., Neu, J. L., Pérot, K., Remsberg, E. E., Rozanov, A., Toohey, M., Urban, J., von Clarmann, T., Walker, K. A., Wang, H.-J., Arosio, C., Damadeo, R., Fuller, R. A., Lingenfelser, G., McLinden, C., Pendlebury, D., Roth, C., Ryan, N. J., Sioris, C., Smith, L., and Weigel, K.: Overview and update of the SPARC Data Initiative: comparison of stratospheric composition measurements from satellite limb sounders, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 1855 – 1903, doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-1855-2021, 2021.

26. Horváth, Á., Carr, J. L., Girina, O. A., Wu, D. L., Bril, A. A., Mazurov, A. A., Melnikov, D. V., Hoshyaripour, G. A., and Buehler, S. A.: Geometric estimation of volcanic eruption column height from GOES-R near-limb imagery – Part 1: Methodology, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 12189 – 12206, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-12189-2021, 2021.

25. Horváth, Á., Girina, O. A., Carr, J. L., Wu, D. L., Bril, A. A., Mazurov, A. A., Melnikov, D. V., Hoshyaripour, G. A., and Buehler, S. A.: Geometric estimation of volcanic eruption column height from GOES-R near-limb imagery – Part 2: Case studies, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 12207 – 12226, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-12207-2021, 2021.

24. Jones, C.D.,  J. E. Hickman, S.T. Rumbold, J. Walton, R. D.  Lamboll, R. B. Skeie, S. Fiedler, P. M. Forster, J. Rogelj, M. Abe, M. Botzet, K. Calvin, C. Cassou, J. N.S. Cole, P. Davini, M. Deushi, M. Dix, J. C. Fyfe, N. P. Gillett, T. Ilyina, M. Kawamiya, M. Kelley, S. Kharin, T. Koshiro, H. Li, C. Mackallah, W. A. Müller, P. Nabat, T. van Noije, P. Nolan, R. Ohgaito, D. Olivié, Naga Oshima, J. Parodi, T. J. Reerink, L. Ren, A. Romanou, R. Séférian, Y. Tang,  C. Timmreck, J. Tjiputra, E. Tourigny, K. Tsigaridis, H. Wang, M. Wu, K. Wyser, S. Yang, Y. Yang and T. Ziehn. The Climate Response to Emissions Reductions due to COVID-19: Initial Results from CovidMIP, Geophys. Res. Lett, 48, e2020GL091883. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL091883, 2021.

23. Kravitz, B., MacMartin, D. G., Visioni, D., Boucher, O., Cole, J. N. S., Haywood, J., Jones, A., Lurton, T., Nabat, P., Niemeier, U., Robock, A., Séférian, R., and Tilmes, S.: Comparing different generations of idealized solar geoengineering simulations in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 4231 – 4247, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-4231-2021, 2021.

22. Kroll, C. A., Dacie, S., Azoulay, A., Schmidt, H., and Timmreck, C.: The impact of volcanic eruptions of different magnitude on stratospheric water vapor in the tropics, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 6565 – 6591, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-6565-2021, 2021.

21. Malinina, E., Rozanov, A., Niemeier, U., Wallis, S., Arosio, C., Wrana, F., Timmreck, C., von Savigny, C., and Burrows, J. P.: Changes in stratospheric aerosol extinction coefficient after the 2018 Ambae eruption as seen by OMPS-LP and MAECHAM5-HAM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 14871 – 14891, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-14871-2021, 2021.

20. Niemeier, U.,  F. Riede, and C. Timmreck: Simulation of ash clouds after a Laacher See-type eruption, Clim. Past, 17, 633 – 652, doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-633-2021, 2021. 

19. Orfanoz-Cheuquelaf, A., Rozanov, A., Weber, M., Arosio, C., Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, A., and Burrows, J. P.: Total ozone column from Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite Nadir Mapper (OMPS-NM) measurements using the broadband weighting function fitting approach (WFFA), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 5771 – 5789, doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-5771-2021, 2021.

18. Rozanov, A. V.,  V. V. Rozanov, and J. P. Burrows: Modeling of inelastically scattered radiation: Rotational Raman scattering in the spherical Earth’s atmosphere, J. Quant. Spectr. and Radiat. Transf., 268, 107611, doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2021.107611, 2021.

17. Thomason, L. W., Kovilakam, M., Schmidt, A., von Savigny, C., Knepp, T., and Rieger, L.: Evidence for the predictability of changes in the stratospheric aerosol size following volcanic eruptions of diverse magnitudes using space-based instruments, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 1143 – 1158, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-1143-2021, 2021.

16. Timmreck, C., Toohey, M., Zanchettin, D., Brönnimann, S., Lundstad, E., and Wilson, R.: The unidentified eruption of 1809: a climatic cold case, Clim. Past, 17, 1455 – 1482, doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-1455-2021, 2021.

15. Umo, N. S., Ullrich, R., E. C. Maters, I. Steinke, N. Benker, K. Höhler, R. Wagner, P. G. Weidler, G. A. Hoshyaripour, A. Kiselev, U. Kueppers, K. Kandler, D. B. Dingwell, T. Leisner, and O. Möhler: The Influence of Chemical and Mineral Compositions on the Parameterization of Immersion Freezing by Volcanic Ash Particles, J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 126,17, e2020JD033356, doi.org/10.1029/2020JD033356, 2021.

14. Visioni, D., MacMartin, D. G., Kravitz, B., Boucher, O., Jones, A., Lurton, T., Martine, M., Mills, M. J., Nabat, P., Niemeier, U., Séférian, R., and Tilmes, S.: Identifying the sources of uncertainty in climate model simulations of solar radiation modification with the G6sulfur and G6solar Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 10039 – 10063, doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-10039-2021, 2021.

13. Weber, M., Arosio, C., Feng, W., Dhomse, S. S., Chipperfield, M. P., Meier, A., Burrows, J. P., Eichmann, K.-U., Richter, A., Rozanov, A.: The unusual stratospheric Arctic winter 2019/20: Chemical ozone loss from satellite observations and TOMCAT chemical transport model, J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD034386. doi.org/10.1029/2020JD034386, 2021.

12. Wrana, F., von Savigny, C., Zalach, J., and Thomason, L. W.: Retrieval of stratospheric aerosol size distribution parameters using satellite solar occultation measurements at three wavelengths, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 2345 – 2357, doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-2345-2021, 2021.

11. Wullenweber, N., Lange, A., Rozanov, A., and von Savigny, C.: On the phenomenon of the blue sun, Clim. Past, 17, 969 – 983, doi.org/10.5194/cp-17-969-2021, editor's highlight, 2021.

10. Zawada, D., Franssens, G., Loughman, R., Mikkonen, A., Rozanov, A., Emde, C., Bourassa, A., Dueck, S., Lindqvist, H., Ramon, D., Rozanov, V., Dekemper, E., Kyrölä, E., Burrows, J. P., Fussen, D., and Degenstein, D.: Systematic comparison of vectorial spherical radiative transfer models in limb scattering geometry, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 3953 – 3972, doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-3953-2021, 2021.



9. Aubry, T. J., Toohey, M., Marshall, L., Schmidt, A., & Jellinek, A. M.: A new volcanic stratospheric sulfate aerosol forcing emulator (EVA_H): Comparison with interactive stratospheric aerosol models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031303. doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031303, 2020.

8. Fiedler, S., Crueger, T., D'Agostino, R., Peters, K., Becker, T., Leutwyler, D., Paccini, L., Burdanowitz, J., Buehler, S.A., Uribe Cortes, A., Dauhut, T., Dommenget, D., Fraedrich, K., Jugandreas, L., Maher, N., Naumann, A.K., Rugenstein, M., Skradzija, M., Schmidt, H., Sielmann, F., Stephan, C., Timmreck, C., Zhu, X. and Stevens, B.: Simulated Tropical Precipitation Assessed across Three Major Phases of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP). Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 3653 – 3680, doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-19-0404.1, 2020.

7. Muser, L. O., Hoshyaripour, G. A., Bruckert, J., Horváth, Á., Malinina, E., Wallis, S., Prata, F. J., Rozanov, A., von Savigny, C., Vogel, H., and Vogel, B.: Particle aging and aerosol–radiation interaction affect volcanic plume dispersion: evidence from the Raikoke 2019 eruption, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15015 – 15036, doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15015-2020, 2020.

6. Niemeier, U., Richter, J. H., and Tilmes, S.: Differing responses of the quasi-biennial oscillation to artificial SO2 injections in two global models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 8975 – 8987, doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-8975-2020, 2020.

5. Noël, S., Bramstedt, K., Rozanov, A., Malinina, E., Bovensmann, H., and Burrows, J. P.: Stratospheric aerosol extinction profiles from SCIAMACHY solar occultation, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 5643 – 5666, doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-5643-2020, 2020.

4. von Savigny, C. and Hoffmann, C. G.: Issues related to the retrieval of stratospheric-aerosol particle size information based on optical measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 1909 – 1920, doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-1909-2020, 2020.

3. von Savigny, C., C. Timmreck, S. A. Buehler, J. P. Burrows, M. Giorgetta, G.Hegerl, A. Horvath, G. Hoshyaripour, C. Hoose, J. Quaas, E. Malinina, A. Rozanov, H. Schmidt, L. Thomason, M. Toohey, and B. Vogel: The Research Unit VolImpact: Revisiting the volcanic impact on atmosphere and climate - preparations for the next big volcanic eruption, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 29, 1, 3 - 18, doi:10.1127/metz/2019/09992019, 2020.



2. Malinina, E., Rozanov, A., Rieger, L., Bourassa, A., Bovensmann, H., Burrows, J. P., and Degenstein, D.: Stratospheric aerosol characteristics from space-borne observations: extinction coefficient and Ångström exponent, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 3485 - 3502, doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-3485-2019, 2019.

1. Niemeier, U., Timmreck, C., Krüger, K.: Revisiting the Agung 1963 volcanic forcing – impact of one or two eruptions,  Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 10379 – 10390, doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-10379-2019,  2019.